Vision Blindness Claim

The Issue with Opthalmic Negligence and a Vision Blindness Claim..

The complexity of the structure of the eye, its fragility and delicacy of its tissue means that potential injury as a result of negligent surgery or negligent treatments is an ever present danger. A Vision Blindness Claim for either complete or partial loss of vision is still frankly and thankfully rare. Consultant Opthalmic Experts tend to be highly conscious of the potential for adverse outcomes. This of course, doesn’t mean that negligence doesn’t happen, it means that it is rare. 

When Negligence Occours, it is rarely a simple outcome.

Here, (above depending on what device you are viewing this on) we have listed some of the most frequently recurring eye problems, not all of these are related to the issues of surgery or a vision blindness claim.  For most people, the fear of eye injury or even loss of sight is about the worst possible nightmare. If you have suffered and think you may have either a vision blindness claim or an eye injury whilst seeking treatment, it is most horrific situation and frequently one that leaves you without any easy exits.  


No Lawyer can advise you regarding treatment – you should in all cases refer immediately to your GP or the emergency department of your local hospital if you feel your condition is worsening. Nobody will judge you if the condition turns out not to be serious.


Call today or use the contact box to initiate a conversation if you feel that you have a potential a vision blindness claim or signficant eye injury.

Common Opthalmic Conditions leading to a Vision Blindness Claim.

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Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration, often reffered to as age-related macular degeneration, is a disorder associated generally with the natural process of aging and results in damage to the central vision. Central vision is for daily tasks such as driving and operating machinery etc. MD affects the macula, which is the central part the retina that allows the eye to see fine details. There are two forms of the condition—wet and dry.

Wet MD is when blood vessels behind the retina start to grow underneath the macula itself, ultimately this can lead to fluid leaking out. Bleeding and scarring from these abnormal blood vessels causes damage and lead to rapid central vision loss. An early symptom of wet MD is that straight lines appear to be wavy.

Dry MD is when the macula thins overtime as part of aging process, gradually blurring central vision. The dry form is more common and accounts for 70–90% of cases of MD and it progresses more slowly than the wet form. Over time, as less of the macula functions, central vision is gradually lost in the affected eye. Dry MD generally affects both eyes. One of the most common early signs of dry AMD is drusen.

Drusen are tiny yellow or white deposits under the retina. They often are found in people aged 60 years and older. The presence of small drusen is normal and does not cause vision loss. However, the presence of large and more numerous drusen raises the risk of developing advanced dry MD or wet MD. Often a complicating factor in a vision blindness claim WMD can be either a result of an excerbating injury or can be naturally occouring.


Cataracts is when a clouding of the eye’s lens takes place over time and is the leading cause of blindness worldwide, it is also a cause of vision loss in the United Kingdom. Cataracts can occur at any age because of a variety of causes, and can be present at birth. Although treatment for the removal of cataract is widely available, lack of awareness and reluctance to complain often, prevent many people from receiving the proper treatment at the right time. A vision blindness claim involving cataracts is relatively rare as a first condition but can form as a consequnece of poor medication choices or delay in treatment.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a common complication of diabetes. It is a leading cause of blindness in adults. It is characterised by progressive damage to the blood vessels of the retina, the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye that is necessary for good vision. DR progresses through four stages, mild nonproliferative retinopathy (microaneurysms), moderate nonproliferative retinopathy (blockage in some retinal vessels), severe nonproliferative retinopathy (more vessels are blocked leading to deprived retina from blood supply leading to growing new blood vessels), and proliferative retinopathy (most advanced stage). Diabetic retinopathy usually affects both eyes.

The risks of DR are reduced through disease management that includes good control of blood sugar, blood pressure, and lipid abnormalities. Early diagnosis of DR and timely treatment reduce the risk of vision loss; however, as many as 50% of patients are not getting their eyes examined or are diagnosed too late for treatment to be effective. This issue is often part of a multi faceted action, not just vision blindess claim but also perhaps one leading from poor diabetic managment.


Glaucoma is a group of diseases that can damage the eye’s optic nerve and result in vision loss and blindness. Glaucoma occurs when the normal fluid pressure inside the eyes slowly rises. However, recent findings now show that glaucoma can occur with normal eye pressure. With early treatment, you can often protect your eyes against serious vision loss. The regular cause of a mismanagment action or a delay in diagnosis action glaucoma appears frequently in a typical vision blindness claim.

There are two major categories “open angle” and “closed angle” glaucoma. Open angle, is a chronic condition that progress slowly over long period of time without the person noticing vision loss until the disease is very advanced, that is why it is called “sneak thief of sight.” Angle closure can appear suddenly and is painful. Visual loss can progress quickly; however, the pain and discomfort lead patients to seek medical attention before permanent damage occurs.


Amblyopia, also referred to as “lazy eye,” is the most common cause of vision impairment in children. Amblyopia is the medical term used when the vision in one of the eyes is reduced because the eye and the brain are not working together properly. The eye itself looks normal, but it is not being used normally because the brain is favoring the other eye. Conditions leading to amblyopia include strabismus, an imbalance in the positioning of the two eyes; more nearsighted, farsighted, or astigmatic in one eye than the other eye, and rarely other eye conditions such as cataract.

Unless it is successfully treated in early childhood amblyopia usually persists into adulthood, and is the most common cause of permanent one-eye vision impairment among children and young and middle-aged adults. It is a rare condition in a vision blindness claim but does appear.


Strabismus involves an imbalance in the positioning of the two eyes. Strabismus can cause the eyes to cross in (esotropia) or turn out (exotropia). Strabismus is caused by a lack of coordination between the eyes. As a result, the eyes look in different directions and do not focus simultaneously on a single point. In most cases of strabismus in children, the cause is unknown. In more than half of these cases, the problem is present at or shortly after birth (congenital strabismus). When the two eyes fail to focus on the same image, there is reduced or absent depth perception and the brain may learn to ignore the input from one eye, causing permanent vision loss in that eye (one type of amblyopia).

Should I start a Vision Blindness claim for Opthalmic Injury?

It has to be remembered that every eye injury is different and there is a spectrum of injury which runs from temporary and relatively inconvenient to permanent and significant.

The thinking here from the powers that be is that if you can afford the surgery, you can afford the lawyers…

Our members know that regardless of  the severity,  every eye injury is serious and it will have an impact on the injured person and every member of their family.   The mechanisms for eye injury are very wide ranging, we would have to write an article that is hundreds of pages long if we were going to list them all productively. It is fair, though, to state that in our experience, the most serious of injuries are usually those that result from misdiagnosis and / or those that are the result of delay in treating an ophthalmic condition. 

What is My Eye Injury Worth?

As you might expect, the amount of compensation for an eye injury depends on the seriousness of the injury and on the prognosis for any future improvement. The schedule of loss has to take into account not just the pain suffering, expenses and loss of amenity it must also list loss of earnings and care. Beware of any websites that start promising compensation amounts before these factors are explored. It is suffice to say that compensation for near total sight loss or worse, is very high. It is a good but not exhaustive starting point to see the publications utilized by the judiciary to compare compensation. 

Total blindness and deafness         Approx. £265,000
Total blindness          Approx. £175,000
Loss of sight in one eye with severely reduced vision in remaining eye and risk of further deterioration   Approx. £63,000 – £118,000
Loss of sight in one eye with moderately reduced vision in remaining eye with risk of further deterioration     Approx. £42,000 – £69,500
Total loss of one eye     Approx. £36,000 – £43,000
Total loss of sight in one eye     Approx. £32,250 – £36,000
Serious but incomplete loss of sight Approx. £15,500 – £25,750
Minor but permanently impaired vision in one eye Approx.  £8,250 – £13,750

It is my GP to blame not my Surgeon does this matter?

The majority of such injuries tend to flow from the GP Surgery. Patients turn up with serious and foreboding symptoms and are given sympathy and weak eye drops instead of a referral to a suitable ophthalmic surgeon. Or, there is an infection that either doesn’t get the right antibiotics (there are hundreds for ophthalmic conditions) or they don’t get antibiotics at all.  No matter what the cause though, please don’t leave these injuries to a personal injury Solicitor, call us to discuss the situation and the condition, we can usually advise on the spot if there is a claim to pursue and what the extent of that claim will be. 

Will I have support with the claim as I am now blind

We can if you need it have all the claim materials recorded in an audio file for you, or / and printed in large format. Wherever possible we will make whatever adjustments are necessary to ensure that you are not denied justice because of your disability.


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Laser Eye Surgery and Permenant Implant Optics

Dangers of Elective Eye Surgery

Increasing numbers of people seek laser eye surgery for corrections of relatively minor sight defects. The operations are usually effective, they are relatively quick (often day surgery) and can be very liberating for those who have to utilise minor prescription glasses.  However, these procedures are not without risk or complications. Ineffective surgery can lead to permanently blurred vision or even permanent blindness. There are frequently recurring issues with regard to consent. 

Permanent contact lenses are a type of implantable lenses called phakic intraocular lenses (PIOLs), and are made of clear, flexible plastic. Permanent contact lenses may be a good option for people who don’t want to rely on glasses but aren’t suitable for laser eye surgery. All eye surgery carries risk, both during the procedure and recovery period.

Other Eye Conditions


Like short or long sightedness, astigmatism is a very common and treatable cause of blurred vision.


Red and swollen eyelids – can be caused by an infection or a skin condition. Its not serious on its own but can led to complications.


A painless swelling or lump on the eyelid. Typically without symptoms but may cause complications if left.


Inflammation of the membrane that covers the eye and inside of the eyelids red and sore

Corneal Ulcers

A painful sore on th cornea, it might feel like a grit has caught in your eye. Grey or White in colour.


Inflammation of the tissues of the eye. Rare but very serious, usually treated as an emergency.

Vision Floaters

The appearnace of spots or strands floating across your vision, particualrly against a bright background.


An inflamattion of the iris that can result in pain, redness, light sensitvity and blurred vision.


A condition that caauses the round cornea to weaken at the centre, changing it to a cone shape. The effect is to create blurred or distorted vision.

Ocular hypertension

Raised eye pressure caused by poor draining of the eye and illnes. Many people are symptomless but ocular hyperension can increase the risk of glaucoma.

Optic Neuritis

Inflammation of the optic nerve can disturb vision or even render blind the subject. Lasting damage extent is dependant upon speed of treatment.

Retinal Detachment

Occurs when the retina, which lines the back of the eye, pulls away from the blood vessels supplying it. Delay in treatment may cause permanent defect or blindness.

Our panel Solicitors all have to agree the same transparent and fair funding agreement. They can never charge you more than 20% of your winings and cannot pass on insurance cwsqaharges. If you lose the claim, there is no charges at all. The best lawyers and the best deal.

Why Choose a Law-Med Panel Member

Any Solicitor who is a member of the Law- Med Panel must subscribe to a fair and transparent funding agreement. They must be able to offer clients a no win no fee agreement and that must gaurantee that the maximum amount of compensation that they will pay over in legal costs will never be more than 20%. Further, they must insure the clients case against risk and they must not pass on the costs of that insurance to thier client. Ie they must write it off as part of thier costs agreement.

They must also have a documented promise of the above so that you can refer back to it if you need to.

In addition, all Solicitors must be a fully qualified member of the Specialist Law Soceity Clinical Panel and must commit to additional medical training on top of thier legal training. All of them must have Postgraduate qualificaitons in Medicine, Forensic Medicine or be a dual qualfied lawyer and clinician. They must all also confirm that they will uphold the highest levels of customer service and have high feedback scores from previous clients.

If you are wondering if other Solicitors have these things – by all means check, you will find Law-Med have the best lawyers for you to choose from.

What is a community nurse?

Community nurse roles and responsibilities

A community nurse is responsible for performing many of the same duties as a district nurse. These include basic care (checking temperature, blood pressure and breathing), wound management, administering injections, setting up intravenous drips and assisting doctors with examinations and medical procedures. Community-based nurses are also able to provide vital information to clients, their families and carer/s, much in the same way as district nurses, while emergencysupport may also be required in cases when a patient is suffering cardiac arrest or a stroke. This demonstrates the many hats a community nurse must don in their line of care.

So what is the difference between community and district nurses?

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